The German Spitz dog breed is one of the most curious! Keep reading, you will be surprised!
- Life expectancy: 12 - 14 years.
- Ideal dog for: Floors, houses, apartments, surveillance.
There are different variants of the German spitz dog breed. The difference is mainly in its size, therefore, unlike other occasions, we will see this in each case of German spitz when we talk about its physical characteristics.
Origin of the German Spitz dog breed
Let's start by talking about the Different variants of German Spitz dogs. As we said, the main difference between them is the size, although also the hair in some cases. The types of dogs that make up the German spitz breed are:
- Wolf or Keeshond Spitz
- Big spitz
- Medium spitz
- Small spitz
- Dwarf or Pomeranian Spitz
The FCI encompasses all these races as a German spitz, but other organizations prefer to catalog Pomeranian and Keeshond as separate races with their own standards. In fact, some canine associations differ from this classification, they even say that keeshond has Dutch origin, not German.
In this article we will focus on large, medium and small German Spitz dogs. You can find, also here in Wakyma, separate articles about the Pomeranian and the keeshond.
German spitz race history
Now, let's review the history of these dogs, the German spitz breed:
exist several theories about the origin of German spitz dogs. As with other races, there is not much documented history that can be considered entirely truthful. The best known theory is that the German spitz descends from the dogs called spitz of lacustrine communities, typical of the tundra of the Stone Age! It's already years! This made him establish himself as the oldest dog breed in central Europe. There is some evidence that, indeed, the German spitz could have descended from this millenary can: pointed ears, elongated snout, long tail on the spine ... Does it sound? They are characteristics of wolves.
Do you know who "took care" of spreading German Spitz dogs throughout the West? Upon arriving in Britain, they became the weakness of Queen Charlotte, the wife of George III of England. As you know, in the past, the hobbies and preferences of royal families were known throughout the world and used to become very popular. Everyone wanted a spitz! Thus, little by little, this adorable race spread throughout the continent.
Physical characteristics of German Spitz dogs
(Photo via: Wikipets)
Let's start at the beginning, what average size are they?
- Big Spitz: 45 - 50 cm
- Medium Spitz: 35 - 40 cm
- Small spitz: 25 - 28 cm
Regardless of its size, German Spitz dogs are known for having a beautiful coat of hair. They all share the same morphology, their only difference being their size and, sometimes, the color of their hair.
German spitz dogs have a medium, wedge-shaped head, similar to that of the fox. They have a small round truffle, which can be black or brownish, depending on the color of their hair. As for the eyes, they look very wolf: dark, oblique, medium ... and the same goes for the ears, medium size, tall, well erect and triangular in shape.
They are very square dogs, their height at the cross is equal to the length of their body. The back and the back are somewhat short, but very strong. The chest is very deep and the belly is collected. They usually carry the tail, medium size and covered with long hair, above the spine.
The hair of the German spitz breed dog is double layer. The interior, as usual, is short and woolly, very tight. The outer layer is of great beauty: it is formed by long, separated and straight hair. In some areas of your body, the hair is shorter and velvety, these are the head, the inside of the legs, ears and feet. In the neck and shoulders they have longer hair, a flattened mane. There are several colors accepted as standard for dogs of the German spitz breed:
- German Spitz big: black, white or brown colors.
- German Spitz medium: black, brown, white, gray, cream, fire, orange-saber, cream-saber or black-fire.
- German Spitz small: same colors as medium.
The character of the German spitz breed dog
Just as all variants of the German spitz breed share physical characteristics, they also have similar behavior. They are very cheerful and attached to their family, very dynamic and affectionate dogs. They are distrustful of strangers and somewhat barking, so they can be a good option if you are looking for a surveillance dog.
Their tendency to reject strangers will disappear if the socialization of the German spitz is practiced from a very young age. Equally, they will learn to tolerate other dogs, but with those of the same sex they can be somewhat grumpy.
Socialization of the German spitz breed dog
Even subjecting them to a perfect socialization and training, a mandatory task for any owner of a dog pet, lThe German Spitz breed is generally not the most appropriate for living with very young children. Despite not being deliberately aggressive with his family, they may be somewhat reactive or abrupt. However, they are good pets for older children who can be taught to play correctly with a dog, as well as take care of it.
When it comes to educating your German spitz dog we recommend the training in positive, try the clicker. The main behavioral problem that these dogs usually present is the excessive barking. So, patience and let the training begin!
Cu> (Photo via: wikipets)
(Photo via: webanimales)
They are very active dogs, so it will be necessary to walk them frequently, as well as play games with them, so that they can release all their energy. They can adapt to living in an apartment or apartment, but the ideal thing for larger spitz is to have a garden or patio to play. In the case of the little ones it is not so important.
The German spitz breed tolerate temperate and cold climates well, but not so excessively warm, We recommend avoiding the hottest hours when walking this dog in summer. Similarly, although they may want to spend long periods abroad, it is preferable that they live and sleep inside the house with their family, the Spitz are not "house" dogs.
The German spitz dog's hair needs attention. It will be necessary brush it about three times a week, and even daily in times of change. Thus, we will eliminate dead hair and accumulated dirt, avoiding tangles.
Personal> The German spitz is a happy and friendly dog. He is a reliable and balanced partner who should not show signs of nervousness or aggression. They are very active and attentive. They love human company and they like nothing more than to participate in any family activity.
The German spitz is usually a relatively good health breed. Like many races, you can suffer from inherited eye disorders, so it is recommended to do a vision check before breeding. This breed may also suffer epilepsy and temporal displacement of the patella.
The German spitz needs little exercise compared to other larger races. About half an hour a day should be enough for an adult dog, although he will accept more willingly if given the opportunity. They enjoy a run or ride, and they will stay busy in the garden all day.
Small dogs have a fast metabolism, which means they burn energy at a very high rate. This means that, with such a small stomach, they should eat little but often. Foods for small breeds are specifically devised with adequate proportions of key nutrients and smaller feed grains that fit smaller mouths. This also stimulates chewing and improves digestion.
As a general rule, thorough brushing several times a week will keep your fur clean and without knots. It is convenient to brush it against the counter. Special attention must be paid to the ears and elbows, since this is where knots form more quickly. Males tend to change once a year and females, two: it will then be when most of the hair has to be removed.
How is your character?
The character of this dog is magnificent. He is cheerful, affectionate, intelligent and enjoys the company of people - regardless of your age. But you have to know that it is an independent animal, and it can be quite noisy since the Spitz have been used for years as guard dogs and whenever they feel threatened or stressed they bark.
To make him happy, however, it won't be necessary to get too complicated. It will be enough to take daily walks with a duration of 20 to 30 minutes, and spend time playing with him every day. This way he will become the best friend of the family 😉.
Origin of the German spitz
The origins of the German spitz are not very defined, but the most common theory indicates that this breed of dogs descends from the tundra dogs of the Stone Age (Canis familiaris palustris Rüthimeyer), which was later recognized as a "lake community spitz", thus consolidating itself as the oldest dog breed in Central Europe. Therefore, a good number of subsequent breeds come from this first, which is classified as "primitive type" dogs, due to its origins and characteristics inherited from wolves, such as erect and turned ears in front of the head, the pointed snout , and a long tail placed on the back.
The expansion of the race in the western world was made thanks to the British royalty preference by the German Spitz, who arrived in Britain in the baggage of Queen Charlote, the wife of George III of England.
Physical characteristics of the German spitz
German spitz are beautiful dogs that stand out for their beautiful fur. All spitz (large, medium and small) have the same morphology and, therefore, the same appearance. The only difference between these races is the size and in some, the color.
The head of the German spitz is medium and seen from above is wedge-shaped. Is similar to the fox's head. Naso-frontal depression (stop) can be marked, but it is not abrupt. The nose is round, small and black, except in brown dogs, in which it is dark brown. The eyes are medium, elongated, oblique and dark. The ears are triangular, pointed, erect and high insertion.
The body is as long as its height at the cross, so it has a square profile. The back, the back and the rump are short and strong. The chest is deep, while the abdomen is moderately collected. The tail is of high, medium insertion and the dog carries it rolled on the back. It is covered with abundant dense hair.
The cloak of the German spitz is formed by two layers of hair. The inner layer is short, dense and woolly. The outer layer is formed by long straight hair. The head, ears, front part of the legs and feet have short, dense and velvety hair. The neck and shoulders have an abundant mane.
The colors accepted for the German spitz are:
- Big spitz. Black, brown or white.
- Medium spitz. Black, brown, white, orange, gray, cream, cream-saber, orange-saber, black with fire or stained.
- Small spitz. Black, brown, white, orange, gray, cream, cream-saber, orange-saber, black with fire or stained.
In addition to the color differences between the different races of German spitz, there are also differences in size. The sizes (height at the cross) accepted by the FCI standard are:
- Big spitz. 46 ± 4 cm
- Medium spitz. 34 ± 4 cm
- Small spitz. 26 ± 3 cm
German spitz character
Despite the differences in size, all German Spitz share fundamental temperament characteristics. These dogs are cheerful, alert, dynamic and very attached to their human families. They are also reserved with strangers and barkers, so they can be good guardians, although they are not good protection dogs.
When they are well socialized they can willingly tolerate unknown dogs and strangers, but they can be conflicting with dogs of the same sex. With the other pets in the house they usually get along very well, as with their humans.
Despite socialization, they are not usually good dogs for very young children. Their temperament is reactive, so they can nibble if they are mistreated. In addition, the small spitz and the pomeranian are very small and fragile for the treatment of very young children. Instead, they are good companions of big children who know how to care for and respect a dog.
These German spitz are dynamic but can release their energies with the daily walks and some play. Everyone can adapt well to life in flats, but it is better if you have a small garden for larger breeds (large spitz and medium spitz). The smaller races, like the small spitz, do not need the garden.
All these races tolerate cold to temperate climates very well, but do not tolerate heat much. Due to their protective fur they can live outside, but it is better if they live inside the house since they need the company of their human families. The fur of any of the breeds should be combed and brushed at least three times a day to keep it in good condition and free of tangles. In times of molting it is necessary to brush it daily.
German spitz education
These dogs are easy to train through positive training styles. Because of its dynamism, clicker training is presented as a good alternative to educate them. The main behavioral problem with any of the German Spitz is barking, as they tend to be a very barking breed of dogs.