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Before the human being decided to venture to reach the sky, millions of bird species already furrowed him with his wings. Among them there is heterogeneity in matters such as appearance, habits and food, but also in the ability to fly and how quickly they can reach.
Have you ever wondered which is the fastest bird in the world? If you are interested in discovering it, you cannot miss this Animal Expert article. Keep reading!
What are the fastest birds in the world?
When it comes to birds that cross the sky at high speeds, there are several species that dispute the first place as the fastest. Do you want to know what they are? Know them below!
- He Atlantic gannet (Morus bassanus) is a species of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean. He dives into the water to hunt between 100 and 120 kilometers per hourHowever, when you are on a relaxed flight, you travel 70 kilometers away.
- The following on the list are swifts, common name of the family Apodidae which encompasses more than 40 different species. These are birds similar in appearance to swallows, but prefer to live in regions of temperate climates. Swifts are able to furrow the sky between 170 and 200 kilometers per hour.
- He golden or royal eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is a bird of prey that is distributed in various areas of the world, such as Africa, Europe, part of Asia and North America, as there are several subspecies. Cross the skies to 300 kilometers per hour.
- Another of the fastest birds in the world is the falcon gerifalte (Falco rusticolus), a bird that lives in the mountains of America, Asia and Europe. It is among the largest falcons in the world and in medieval times it was used for falconry practice. This species reaches up to 210 kilometers per hour while flying
- He European boundary (Falco subbuteo) is a species of hawk that lives in the savannas and fields of Asia and Europe. Despite its size (it measures about 35 centimeters), it is capable of flying at 160 kilometers per hour.
Now these species are among the fastest in the world, but the one that is crowned as the fastest is the peregrine falcon (Falco Peregrinus). The peregrine falcon usually flies at only 100 kilometers per hour, but when the time comes to hunt it plunges into 320 kilometers. With this speed, the peregrine falcon becomes not only the bird, but also the fastest animal in the world.
What is the fastest bird>
You already know the name of the fastest bird in the world, the peregrine falcon. However, as we mentioned, the hawk holds this title because of the speed it is able to achieve when it plunges. Now, when we talk about horizontal flight, which is the fastest bird?
Its about Mongolian Swift (Hirundapus caudacutus), a migratory bird that is distributed in some countries of Europe, but which is easier to find in Australia and Siberia. In horizontal flight it reaches between 170 and 200 kilometers per hour and it is known that, like other swift species, they are able to spend up to 6 months in the air, without landing on the ground once.
The second place in the category of horizontal flight we have the medium serreta (Mergus serrator), bird that lives in North America, Europe and Asia. The serreta prefers temperate climates to reproduce, but the rest of the year it lives in colder areas, such as Alaska and Iceland. Reach between 140 and 160 kilometers per hour during your flight
The Medium serreta it is a bird own North America. It is distinguished by having a tuft of pointed feathers and its red beak. Females have a slightly smaller head than males. They get to measure more than 60 centimeters long and reach a speed of 160 kilometers per hour.
It is one of the biggest swifts. He spends most of his life flying. It is the fastest bird in horizontal flight, reaching 170 km / h.
These birds they have very short legs, since they only use them to grip generally inclined and vertical surfaces. They build their nests in the crevices and hollows that form the cliff rocks. They don't usually land on the ground, because they feed during the flight catching insects with their beaks.
He Royal Swift can reach speeds 200 km / h. They are tireless birds, capable of touring a place catching insects on the fly, which agglutinate with its sticky saliva, storing them in the crop to occasionally feed the chickens. Except for these quick visits to the nest, almost all his active life It develops in the air environment.
This bird is one of the best known on the planet since it is found in various areas of it. When he goes hunting, this bird It can reach 300 km / h. Majestic in its flight and icon of diverse cultures, including countries like Mexico they have it represented on their shield.
He Peregrine falcon (Falco Peregrinus) It is a kind of bird falconiform of the family Falconidae of cosmopolitan distribution and is considered the fastest bird in the world.
It is a hawk that is distributed in the 5 continents. It is distinguished by its gray back. They get to measure more than 50 centimeters long. The wingspan of its wings exceeds 100 centimeters and reach a speed 360 kilometers per hour.
The third place on the list of birds that fly faster is shared by a whole family: Apus,whose wings beat allow them to be transported between 170 and 200 km / h. In addition, they spend most of their lives in the air because they feed by catching insects with their beaks.
Of all this great group we can highlight two members: the royal swift and the Mongol swift. Both are small - about 45 centimeters with wings extended - and have short legs, which they almost do not use, except for brief breaks on the ground or on sloping rocks.
4. European alcotán
It is small - it is not more than 35 centimeters - and its body is slender, since its wings end in a point. It has white plumage with brown on the chest, dark gray on the wings, and white and gray on the face. The yellow legs, like the small beak, attract a lot of attention.
The European alcotón lives in groves, forests, savannas or taigas and uses nests already made by other birds to deposit between two and four eggs per season. It has a great ability to hunt in the air, almost always at sunset, and eat them in flight. That is why it reaches speeds of up to 200 km / h.